What is a sexual offence?

 

Behaviour that is offensive as well as conduct that is captured by the criminal statute.

Types of sex offences

 

Non Criminal Conducts:

Sexual harrasment

Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when: ... Submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual was used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individual, or.

 

Types of Crimes:

Rape

Consent to sexual activity

The offence of rape occurs where a person has sexual intercourse, or continues to have sexual intercourse, with another person without the consent of that person (or continuing where consent has been withdrawn), either knowing that there is no consent or being recklessly indifferent about that consent.

It is rape even where the victim says that they do not consent, even if they do not physically resist.

It is also rape where a person compels another to engage in, or to continue to engage in sexual intercourse with a person other than the offender; or an act of self penetration; or an act of bestiality, either knowing that there is no consent or being recklessly indifferent about that consent.

Compelled sexual manipulation

It is an offence for a person to compel another person to engage, or continue to engage, in:

  • an act of sexual manipulation of the offender; or
  • an act of sexual manipulation of a person other than the offender; or
  • an act of sexual self-manipulation
  • where the person who is compelled does not consent to the act and the offender knows, or is recklessly indifferent to the fact that the person does not consent or has withdran consent.

Indecent assault

An assault is any kind of touching (or threat of touching) without a person's genuine consent. What is and what is not indecent is a matter of fact for the jury. It is a complex legal question as to whether an assault becomes indecent where the victim is unaware of the indecent aspects or motive of the assault, for example, when the victim believes that the assault is a legitimate medical procedure.

Unlawful sexual intercourse

  • A person who has sexual intercourse with a person under 16 years old.
  • A person who has sexual intercourse with a person under 16 years old
  • However there is a defence to this if the alleged victim is above 16 years old and the accused person either was under 16 years old themselves or reasonably believed that the alleged victim was over 16 years old

  • A person who has sexual intercourse with a person under 16 years old who holds a certain position of authority (such as teachers, foster-parents, guardians, step-parents, religious officials, spitirual leaders, social workers, employers, and others)

  • A person who, knowing the other person is, by reason of intellectual disability, unable to understand the nature or consequences of sexual intercourse, has sexual intercourse with the other person

  • Willingness of the alleged victim to engage in sexual intercourse is not a defence to any of these offences [s 49(8)]. Parental permission is also not a defence.

Sexual offences where the victim has a cognitive impairment (for example an intellectual disability)

What you should do if you’ve been raped or sexually assaulted?

 

Your safety is Most important!

If you have been raped or sexually assaulted, it is important that you seek medical attention, and report it to the police.

Reach out to someone you trust for support like a friend or family.

Other suggestions if you’ve been raped:

Go to a safe place

Go somewhere you feel safe – it can be your home or a close friend’s house, it should be somewhere you know you feel safe.

Confide in someone

You should tell someone you trust about what has happened as soon as you are able to.

Don't blame yourself

You might feel ashamed, or like you’re to be blame. Try to avoid these feelings because what happened to you is not your fault.

Avoid showering or washing your clothes

Try not to have a bath or washing your clothes before seeking medical help from a medical professional or reporting the  incident to the police.

This will give investigators a better chance of identifying your attacker and successfully prosecuting them with any evidence found.

 

 

 

Statistics on sex reported crimes in Grenada


Statistics:

Reported and detected sex crimes 

Year

Reported/   Detected Rape   

              

Incest                

Unlawful Carnal    Knowledge    Defilement of a Female  
1997 Reported     28       6           1         23  
1997 Detected     25       5           1         22  
1998 Reported     35       5           3         29  
1998 Detected     21       5           2         25  
1999 Reported     22       4           2         38  
1999 Detected     11       4           2         25  
2000 Reported     21       4           2         28  
2000 Detected     14       3           2         22  
2001 Reported     21       7           0         36  
2001 Detected     18       7           0         30  
2002 Reported     29      13           3         44  
2002 Detected     21      12           3         33  
2003 Reported     32       5           0         41  
2003 Detected     24       5           0         33  
2004 Reported     19       1           1         42  
2004 Detected     14       1           1         32  
2005 Reported     23      13           0         48  
2005 Detected     15      13           0         38  
2006 Reported     22       2           0         32  
2006 Detected     17       2           0         29  
2007 Reported     30       7           0         55  
2007 Detected     20       3           0         45  
2008 Reported     31       5           2         48  
2008 Detected     22       2           1         38  
2009 Reported     57      10           1         59  
2009 Detected     45      10           1         45  
2010 Reported     32       2           3         36  
2010 Detected     24       2           3         28  
2011 Reported     58      12           4         35  
2011 Detected     36      12           3         29  
2012 Reported     27      88           0         45  
2012 Detected     19      88           0         41  
2013 Reported     46       9           1         32  
2013 Detected     36       9           0         26  
2014 Reported     18       3          29          5  
2014 Detected     18       2          22          3  
Total  Reported    530     189          52        640 1411
Total Solved    400     185          41        544 1170
Solve Rate      82.9%          

 

Year    Incest   Indecent    Assault     Indecent     Exposure   Rape   Sexual      Assault   Sexual            Intercourse     Sexual            Intercourse   with a Stepchild Total 
2015         2       22         1    10      11         14           1    61
2016      1       22         1    15       8         24           1    72
2017      4       28         3    12       6         12           1    66

 

 

 

Sexual offences include: indecent assault, sexual intercourse, rape, sexual assault, incest, indecent exposure, sexual intercourse with a stepchild.

Source: Royal Grenada Police Force